PhD candidates: mgr Monika Dzierlińska
mgr Kamil Niemczak
mgr Joanna Szymczak
mgr Aleksandra Grzegorska
mgr Adam Budziszewski
Bioarchaeology is an integral part of archaeological research, especially helpful in reconstructing the relationship between man and the environment throughout history. In our department we conduct research and teach in the field of archaeozoology, anthropology and archaeobotany. We analyse animal, human and plant remains reconstructing the economy, living conditions, diet, health or origin of people, animals and plants, as well as the environment, trade, intercultural contacts and issues related to cult and religion. We cooperate with many archaeological missions in Poland and abroad, in Europe, as well as in Asia, Africa, and Central and South America.
research location: San Isidro archaeological site, department of Sonsonate, El Salvador, Central America
San Isidro is located in the middle of a natural corridor connecting the Pacific coast with the fertile valleys further inland.
site characteristics: The site has been continuously eroded by heavy agricultural machinery. Currently ca. 50 visible remains of monumental architecture are dispersed over the area of 6.5 km2 on a sugarcane plantation. Dating of surface collections of pottery encompasses the Middle (ca. 1000-400 BC) and Late (ca. 400 BC-AD 250) Preclassic periods. San Isidro most likely served as a large regional center at the southeastern boundary of Mesoamerica, and western fringe of Central America. The reconnaissance works were carried out between 2018 and 2020. In 2021 archaeological excavations commenced.
Until 2022, over 50 structures were recorded through drone surveys. Ground-truthing has been underway.
participating institutions: University of Warsaw (Poland), Dirección de Arqueología del Ministerio de Cultura (El Salvador)
dating: tentative, ~1000 BC – AD 250
2021-2023 – “Sonata” grant (no. 2019/35/D/HS3/00219) titled. “Na kresach Mezoameryki: badania archeologiczne stanowiska San Isidro w Salwadorze” (“On the Fringes of Mesoamerica: archaeological research at the site of San Isidro, El Salvador”)
2018 – “Miniatura” grant provided by the National Center for Sciences (Narodowe Centrum Nauki – NCN), (ID 381403), 2019 – funds from the “Excellence Strategies – Research Academy” program
research description: In 2018 a field survey was carried out, as well as partial photogrammetric documentation of the visible architectural remains. A drone-based topographic map, albeit interim, has been elaborated. The works continued through 2019. In 2021, a three-season-long excavations begun, focusing on three prominent areas of the site: the Cerrito and Trapiche groups, and El Pato structure.
Cerrito 1 before excavations.
In the course of excavations it became apparent that the largest structures at San Isidro are made exclusively of clay heaped while wet, without stone layers inside. In the case of the largest building at the site – Cerrito 1 – consecutive construction stages were sealed with layers of sund-dried or fired clay.
Uncomplicated constructive methods contrast with particularly large size of the site, and with rich offerings purposefully deposited within the fill of Cerrito 1.
The research at San Isidro is ongoing. This site will be (irregularly) updated.
PhD students: Jakub Artemiuk
Grants coordinator: dr hab. Arkadiusz Dymowski
About the Department: The Department of Numismatics and Museology evolved from the Department of Contacts of the Mediterranean World with Barbaricum, a division of the former Institute of Archaeology UW, with some welcome additions made to our academic staff. The Department specializes in ancient and barbarian numismatics (Photo 1), particularly in the analysis of monetary phenomena and their interpretation, archaeology of the Migration Period in East-Central Europe (Photo 2), museology, and problems of archaeological conservation, monuments protection and cultural heritage management. An important aspect of our research are contacts of the Classical World with communities in the Babaricum, and in particular the broader issue of Roman imports (Photo 3). We publish our findings in successive tomes of the series Corpus der Römischen Funde in Europäischen Barbaricum-Polen with supplements. Another key speciality of our Department are digital numismatics and archaeology (see https://coindb-prod.ocean.icm.edu.pl/AFE_PL/, https://rgcb.lach.uw.edu.pl).
Our recent major achievement was organising the XVI International Numismatic Congress held in the Central Campus of the University of Warsaw in September 2022 (Photo 4), with an attendance of 650 (https://inc2022.pl/). We are currently preparing the conference proceedings for publication by Brepols Publishers in 2024. Organisation of the Congress and publication of conference proceedings was financed from the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Poland grant ‘Excellence Science’.
Archaeological fieldwork: Ten seasons of excavations were conducted by the team of dr hab. Roksana Chowaniec at Akrai (Latin Acrae) a Greek and Roman site in Sicily, located on SW margin of the modern town of Palazzolo Acreide, in a hill in the Hyblean Mountains in what has been the first ever dig run in Italy by Polish mission (Photo 5).
A three-years’ multidisciplinary study financed from the Polish National Science Centre grant ‘Maestro’ of the Hanging Cave, an important late Migration Period site in the Polish Jura at Kroczyce-Okupne, 80 km north of Cracow (Photo 6).
After a 12-years’ break caused by the civil war in Libya archaeological fieldwork was resumed in 2022 in Ptolemais. This large Greek port city was established in the 3rd century BC in Cyrenaica in the eastern region of Libya. In late AD 3rd century it became the capital of the Roman province of Libya Superior. The Polish dig in Ptolemais was initiated in 2001 by Professor Tomasz Mikocki (1954–2007) world class art historian and recognized classical archaeologist. A major highlight of the University of Warsaw dig was the discovery of the House of Leukaktios (3rd c. AD) richly decorated with mosaics and polychrome wall paintings (Photo 7). In 2006 a hoard of Roman coins (tpq = AD 262) was unearthed in the neighbourhood. The Head of the Polish Archaeological Mission to Ptolemais is dr Piotr Jaworski.
Aleksander Bursche (Project leader), Jakub Artemiuk (PhD student, grantee)
Scientific, legal and practical aspects of archaeological heritage protection in Poland after 1989, a comparative approach;
Implementation: 2022-2026, NCN, Preludium Bis 3 nr 2021/43/O/HS3/01186
The aim of the project is to verify whether the archaeological heritage protection system established in Poland after 1989 serves the research tasks of archaeology, ensures effective protection of archaeological heritage, encourages reporting new archaeological finds to the authorities and prevents crimes against archaeological monuments. An analysis of the solutions adopted for the protection and registration of archaeological monuments in selected countries (Denmark, England and Wales, Belgium, Italy, Romania) will also be made as a part of conducted research.
Barbarian fakers. Manufacturing and use of counterfeit Roman Imperial denarii in East-Central Europe in antiquity (Barbarzyńscy fałszerze. Wytwarzanie i użytkowanie fałszywych denarów rzymskich z okresu cesarstwa w Europie Środkowo-Wschodniej w starożytności)
Implementation: 2019-2024, NCN nr 2018/31/B/HS3/00137
The project addresses the phenomenon of manufacture and use of fake Roman denarii of the first-second centuries AD in East-Central Europe in Antiquity. Recent years have brought a landslide of new finds of these coins, particularly in Eastern Europe, both silver-plated denarii (subaerati), and copies, cast from base metal alloy, but also from alloys with a high silver content, (flati). Until recently the territory of the Roman Empire was viewed as the only centre of production of these coins. However there is no longer any doubt that fake coins were manufactured on a mass scale also on the barbarian territory. This was confirmed in a most spectacular manner by recent discoveries of ancient counterfeiting workshops in our part of Europe. One of the project tasks was non-destructive analysis of coins recovered in Poland, Ukraine and Belarus manufactured in barbarian workshops, the first interdisciplinary study of the production and use of fake Roman coins outside the Greek and Roman world.
Piotr Jaworski (Project leader), Szymon Jellonek (researcher, post-doc)
Coin circulation in the Byzantine and Umayyad Marea/North Hawwariya: studies in the monetary economy of Mareotis region in the hinterland of Alexandria. (Obieg monetarny w bizantyńskiej i umajjadzkiej Marei/Północnej Hawwariji: badania nad gospodarką pieniężną regionu Mareotis na zapleczu Aleksandrii),
Implementation: 2021-2025, NCN OPUS 20, nr 2020/39/B/HS3/03102
Marea/Philoxenite (Northern Hawwariya in Egypt) is an archaeological site approximately 40 km west of Alexandria, on the southern shore of Lake Mareotis. The city experienced a ‘Golden Age’ during the Byzantine period after the emergence of a Christian pilgrimage centre at the nearby Abu Mena. Marea/Philoxenite a large urban centre with an impressive layout presumably owes its existence to its position on pilgrim traffic between Alexandria and Abu Mena Since 2000, comprehensive archaeological research at Marea has been conducted by the University of Warsaw in cooperation with the Archaeological Museum in Krakow, which yielded ca. 8,500 coins. This assemblage collected on a single site from well-understood archaeological contexts can be used in future to recognize the monetary circulation in a large Byzantine city in the hinterland of Alexandria.
Szymon Jellonek (Leader)
Circulation of Late Antique coins in Novae
Small Grant CRAC X
The focus of the project is the nature of the supply and circulation of coins in Late Antique Novae in the Roman province of Moesia Secunda (now Bulgaria) – a military frontier town. Two assemblages of coins will be examined, one recovered from the town centre and one from its margin (‘annex’, the site of a former necropolis) to identify possible differences. The finds derive from recent excavation seasons of the Faculty of Archaeology Expedition led by dr hab. Agnieszka Tomas.
The area described as ‘annex’ in our research was excavated between 2017 and 2021 uncovering the remains of Late Antique structures built on the site of an earlier cemetery. This makes the Late Antique coins an assemblage distinct from the coin finds assemblage of finds from the period of the Principate. While the necropolis has been published (Tomas et al. 2020), the Late Antique phase of this site is currently under analysis. In 2021 fieldwork moved to the site of the retentura, in immediate vicinity of the headquarters (principia). During the most recent seasons Late Antique layers were uncovered corresponding in their chronology to the phases of the ‘annex’.
Kyrylo Myzgin (Project leader)
The neural network of solidi. Contacts between Romano-Byzantine and barbarian worlds in the light of die-linked gold coins found in Europe and Central Asia (Neuronowa sieć solidów. Kontakty pomiędzy światem rzymsko-bizantyńskim i barbarzyńskim w świetle połączeń stempli złotych monet znalezionych w Europie i w Azji Środkowej)
Implementation: 2021-2024, NCN nr 2020/39/B/HS3/01513
Our goal is obtaining new data about political contacts between Romans and Barbarians, and among barbarians themselves, between the 4th and 6th century through the study of the chronology, directions and reasons of the influx of gold coins to the territories beyond the Roman limes, and their redistribution within the Barbaricum. In this respect die-link studies offer a huge potential helping to recognize migration routes of individual coins or their groups. The traditional visual method of die-link analysis using human eyesight is labour intensive and we hope to train Artificial Intelligence to recognize the patterns on coins (deep learning). Our Artificial Intelligence Coin Network (AICN) software will use a convolutional neural network for visual recognition of coin die patterns and links between them.
Vital Sidarovich (researcher)
Understanding a deluge of silver: the Paharelshchyna hoard and the beginnings of the silver flow from central Asia to northern Europe (Zrozumienie “potopu” srebra: Skarb z Paharelshchyny i początki napływu srebra ze środkowej Azji do północnej Europy)
Implementation: 2023-2024, John Fell Fund, University of Oxford
The project will analyse the Paharelshchyna Hoard discovered in north-western Belarus containing 1800+ Arabic dirhams and silver scrap, including a fragment of a currency bar attributed to the Balt environment. The hoard was stolen in 1997 from the Museum of the Belarusian State University History Faculty in Minsk. Most of the coins from the hoard later turned up on auctions across Europe, and some of them passed to public museum collections in Stockholm and Tübingen. A monograph of the Paharelshchyna Hoard will be published in 2024.
Vital Sidarovich (Leader)
Finds of coins of Bithynia from the eastern Barbaricum
Small Grant CRAC IX
The focus of the project research are coins of Bithynia found in Lithuania and Belarus. While Bithynian coins have been interpreted as Gothic war trophies some area recorded outside the territory identified with Gothic cultures, including the territory of modern Lithuania and north-western Belarus inhabited in the Roman Period by Balt communities.
Anna Zapolska (Leader)
Die Gräber mit römischen Münzen aus dem Gräberfeld der Dollkeim-Kovrovo Kultur in ehem. Grebieten
(Groby z monetami rzymskimi z cmentarzyska kultury Dollkeim-Kovrovo w dawnym
The aim of the project is analysis of grave inventories with Roman coins excavated on the Dollkeim-Kovrovo culture cemetery at former Grebieten. After Bolshoe Isakovo (fmr. Lauth) the Grebieten is the cemetery with the largest number of Roman coin finds recorded in the Dollkeim-Kovrovo culture. The grave assemblages in which the coins occurred will be analyzed using archival data, surviving coins and other archaeological objects, and the published record. In addition to a chronological and strictly archaeological analysis, an attempt will be made to determine the function and role of coins and bronzes in the Dollkeim-Kovrovo culture in relation to other West Balt cultures (Western Lithuanian Stone-Circle Graves culture, Bogaczewo culture), and the role of bronze (including Roman coins) in the formation of local West Balt elites.
research interests: – Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Para-Neolithic
– burial rites in the Stone Age
– the Paleolithic and Mesolithic Art
– Cultural anthropology
Gumiński W., Bugajska K., 2022, Painted wood, notch on bone – ornamentation or marking? A case of two neighbouring forager sites, Dudka and Szczepanki, Masuria, NE-Poland, (in) J.M. Grünberg, E. Brinch Petersen, B. Gramsch, T. Płonka, H. Meller (eds.) Mesolithic Art – Abstraction, Decoration, Messages, Tagungen des Landesmuseums für Vorgeschichte Halle, Band 26, Halle (Saale). (w druku)
Bugajska K., 2021, Cremation Burials of the Stone Age Hunter-Gatherers on the European Plain, Światowit LIX (2020), 15-45.
Bugajska K., 2021,Pit or grave? ‘Emptied’ graves from the cemetery at Dudka, Masuria, north-eastern Poland, (in:) D. Borić, D. Antonović, B. Mihailović (eds.), Foraging Assemblages, Volume 2, Belgrade & New York (Serbian Archaeological Society, The Italian Academy for Advanced Studies in America, Columbia University), 648-655.
Wacnik A., Gumiński W., Cywa K., Bugajska K., 2020, Forests and foragers: exploitation of wood resources by Mesolithic and para‑Neolithic societies in north‑eastern Poland, Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 29, 2020: 717-736, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00334-020-00778-y
Bugajska K., Gumiński W., 2016, How many steps to heaven? Loose human bones and secondary burials at Dudka and Szczepanki, (in:) Grünberg J., Gramsch B., Larsson L., Orschiedt J., Meller H. (eds), Mesolithic burials – Rites, symbols and social organization of early postglacial communities. Tagungen des Landesmuseums für Vorgeschichte Halle 13/II, 2016, Halle (Saale), 339-455.
Gumiński W., Bugajska K., 2016,Exception as a rule. Unusual Mesolithic cemetery and other graves at Dudka and Szczepanki, Masuria, NE-Poland, (in:) J.M. Grünberg, B. Gramsch, L. Larsson, J. Orschied, H. Meller (eds.), Mesolithic burials – Rites, symbols and social organisation of early postglacial communities, Tagungen des Landesmuseums für Vorgeschichte Halle, Band 13/II, Halle (Saale): 465-510.
Bugajska K., 2015, In the ground or in the basket? Burial wrappings from the Stone Age hunters’ cemetery at Dudka, Masuria, NE-Poland. Novensia 26, 10–23.
Bugajska K., 2015,Obrządek pogrzebowy łowców-zbieraczy epoki kamienia w południowej Skandynawii i na Niżu Środkowoeuropejskim, Przegląd Archeologiczny 62 (2014), 5-69.
Howcroft R., Bugajska K., Gumiński W., Kowalewska-Marszałek H., Szczepanek A., Włodarczak P., Eriksson G., 2013, Breastfeeding and weaning practices during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age in Poland, (in:) R. Howcroft, Weaned Upon a Time. Studies of the Infant Diet in Prehistory, Thesis and Papers in Scientific Archaeology 14, Stockholm (Stockholm University): 1-27.
Bugajska K., 2011,Ozdoby z grobów łowców (mezolit, paraneolit) – Mazury w kręgu wschodnim czy zachodnim (w:) Stankiewicz U., Wawrusiewicz A. (red.), Na rubieży kultur. Badania nad okresem neolitu i wczesną epoką brązu, Białystok, 359-370.
NCN Opus 20; nr 2020/39/B/HS3/02375, Absolute chronology of burials and loose human bones from the hunter-gatherer Stone Age sites Dudka and Szczepanki in Masuria (NE-Poland)
We invite you to the opening of the photography exhibition “Chernihiv: Wartime 2022 – Russian invasion of Ukraine”, which will take place on March 1 (Wednesday), at 10:00, in the Korytarz Gallery in the building of the Faculty of Archeology of the University of Warsaw at Krakowskie Przedmieście 26/28.
The authors of the photos are Valentyn Bobyr and Vladyslav Savenok
During the opening, Vladyslav Savenok (one of the authors) and Dr. Volodymyr Pylypenko from the University of Chernihiv will talk about the photographs.
– Vladislav Savenok –
“Some of these pictures have already gone around the world. They show how war destroys dreams, cities and countries that seek freedom and defend their independence”.
Monday 1.30 p.m.–3 p.m. on the Google Meet platform or in the room 0.30 (prior arrangement by e-mail is recommended)
research interests: – archaeobotany
– environmental archaeology
bibliography: selected papers (last 5 years)
Korczyńska-Cappenberg, M., Nowak, M., Mueller-Bieniek, A., Wilczyński, J., Pospuła, S., Wertz, K., Kalicki, T., Biesaga, P., Szwarczewski, P., Kapcia, M., Cappenberg, K., Wacnik, A., Hoyo, M.M., 2023. Middle Neolithic agricultural and land-use models in southern Poland: A case-study of the long-term settlement in Mozgawa. The Holocene. https://doi.org/10.1177/09596836231157065
Mueller-Bieniek A. Cywa K. 2022. Pozostałości roślinne towarzyszące skarbom przedmiotów brązowych z Sanoka (Białej Góry) i Woli Sękowej, [w:] Blajer W., Bochnak T., Cywa K., Garbacz-Klempka A., Glinianowicz G., Jurecki P., Kotowicz P., Kuropka P., Łucejko J.J., Maciejewski M., Mueller-Bieniek A., Nowak K., Przybyła M.M., Skowron K., Ku czci bogów i ludzi. Skarby z okolic Sanoka. Studium interdyscyplinarne, Lublin-Sanok 2022, s. 141-148
Nalepka, D., Mueller-Bieniek, A., Walanus, A., 2022. Spread of quinoa (Chenopodiaceae) pollen grains and finds of fat-hen (Chenopodium album) seeds in Kujawy in the Middle Holocene, in: Grygiel, M., Obst, P. (Eds.), Walking Among Ancient Trees. Fundacja Badań Archeologicznych Imienia Profesora Konrada Jażdżewskiego, Łódź, pp. 265–274
Mueller-Bieniek, A., Moskal-del Hoyo, M., Wilczyński, J., Przybyła, M.M., 2022. The same spot – Two different worlds: Plant and animal remains from multiculture site at Sadowie in southern Poland. Journal of Archaeological Science Reports 45, 103608. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2022.103608
Mueller-Bieniek, A., 2021. Owoce i nasiona ze stanowisk archeologicznych jako źródło wiedzy o paleośrodowisku, in: Gancarski, J. (Ed.), Zmiany środowiska i warunków klimatycznych w okresie od schyłkowego paleolitu do końca średniowiecza i ich wpływ na warunki życia człowieka w północnej części Europy Środkowej. Muzeum Podkarpackie w Krośnie, Krosno, pp. 87–120
Mueller-Bieniek, A., 2021. Plants in the Lives of Medieval Cracovians, in: Izdebski, A., Szmytka, R. (Eds.), Krakow, an Ecobiography. University of Pittsburgh Press, pp. 68–87
Mueller-Bieniek A., Rusishvili N., Jalabadze M., Kvavadze E., 2021. Plant remains from Berikldeebi, Georgia, 1979-1992. Bioarchaeology of the Near East 15, 77–84.
Kontny, B., Szeliga, M., Wojenka, M., Kosiński, T., Mueller-Bieniek, A., Kot, M., 2021. A Unique Clay Rattle from Koziarnia Cave in Southern Poland. Archäol.Korresp. 51, 91–109.
Mueller-Bieniek, A., 2020. Kraków Mogiła 53, 55 – Kopiec Wandy. Raport z badań archeobotanicznych. Mater. Archeol. Nowej Huty 23: 305–310
Salavert, A., Zazzo, A., Martin, L., Antolín, F., Gauthier, C., Thil, F., Tombret, O., Bouby, L., Manen, C., Mineo, M., Mueller-Bieniek, A., Piqué, R., Rottoli, M., Rovira, N., Toulemonde, F., Vostrovská, I., 2020. Direct dating reveals the early history of opium poppy in western Europe. Sci. Rep. 10, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-76924-3
Mueller-Bieniek, A., Jarosińska, J., 2020. Neolityczne ślady użytkowania roślin w rejonie Dolnej Wierzycy i Janki na Pojezierzu Starogardzkim, in: Felczak, O. (Ed.), Wczesny i środkowy neolit na Pojezierzu Starogardzkim w świetle badań nad Dolną Wierzycą i Janką. Archaeological Museum in Gdańsk, Gdańsk, pp. 281–313. ISBN 978-83-956473-2-1
Czajkowska, B.I., Bogaard, A., Charles, M., Jones, G., Kohler-Schneider, M., Mueller-Bieniek, A., Brown, T.A., 2020. Ancient DNA typing indicates that the “new” glume wheat of early Eurasian agriculture is a cultivated member of the Triticum timopheevii group. Journal of Archaeological Science 123, 105258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2020.105258
Filipović, D., Meadows, J., Corso, M.D., Kirleis, W., Alsleben, A., Akeret, Ö., Bittmann, F., Bosi, G., Ciută, B., Dreslerová, D., Effenberger, H., Gyulai, F., Heiss, A.G., Hellmund, M., Jahns, S., Jakobitsch, T., Kapcia, M., Klooß, S., Kohler-Schneider, M., Kroll, H., Makarowicz, P., Marinova, E., Märkle, T., Medović, A., Mercuri, A.M., Mueller-Bieniek, A., Nisbet, R., Pashkevich, G., Perego, R., Pokorný, P., Pospieszny, Ł., Przybyła, M., Reed, K., Rennwanz, J., Stika, H.-P., Stobbe, A., Tolar, T., Wasylikowa, K., Wiethold, J., Zerl, T., 2020. New AMS 14 C dates track the arrival and spread of broomcorn millet cultivation and agricultural change in prehistoric Europe. Scientific Reports 10, 13698. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-70495-z
Mnich, B., Mueller-Bieniek, A., Nowak, M., Wilczyński, J., Pospuła, S., Szostek, K., 2020. Terrestrial diet in prehistoric human groups from southern Poland based on human, faunal and botanical stable isotope evidence. Journal of Archaeological Science Reports 32, 102382. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2020.102382
Pyzel, J., Mueller-Bieniek, A., Moskal-del Hoyo, M.M., 2020. The first farmers on the Vistula river in the Polish lowlands, in: Gron, K.J., Sørensen, L., Rowley-Conwy, P. (Eds.), Farmers at the Frontier. A Pan-European Perspective of Neolithization. Oxbow Books, Oxford & Philadelphia, pp. 247–261
Mueller-Bieniek, A., Pyzel, J., Kapcia, M., 2020. Chenopodium Seeds in Open-Air Archaeological Sites – How to Not Throw the Baby Out with the Bathwater. Environmental Archaeology 25, 69–81. https://doi.org/10.1080/14614103.2018.1536500
Mueller-Bieniek, A., Nowak, M., Styring, A., Lityńska-Zając, M., Moskal-del Hoyo, M., Sojka, A., Paszko, B., Tunia, K., Bogaard, A., 2019. Spatial and temporal patterns in Neolithic and Bronze Age agriculture in Poland based on the stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic composition of cereal grains. Journal of Archaeological ScienceReports. 27, 101993. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2019.101993
Mueller-Bieniek, A., Bogucki, P., Pyzel, J., Kapcia, M., Moskal-del Hoyo, M., Nalepka, D., 2019. The role of Chenopodium in the subsistence economy of pioneer agriculturalists on the northern frontier of the Linear Pottery culture in Kuyavia, central Poland. Journal of Archaeological Science 111, 105027. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2019.105027
Kapcia, M., Mueller-Bieniek, A., 2019. An insight into Bronze Age subsistence strategy in forested Carpathian foothills, based on plant macro-remains. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 11, 2879–2895. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-018-0720-9
Mueller-Bieniek, A., 2018. Rośliny w życiu średniowiecznych krakowian, in: Izdebski, A., Szmytka, R. (Eds.), Ekobiografia Krakowa. Znak Horyzont, Kraków, pp. 119–151