The department employees specialize in the archeology of barbarian Europe from the Bronze Age to the early Middle Ages (2nd millennium BC – 1st millennium AD) and in the archeology of Roman provinces (2nd century BC – 6th century AD), with particular emphasis on the European part of the Roman Empire and frontier (limes) studies, as well as the issues related to Roman army. An important aspect of the research conducted by the staff of the department is the mutual relations between the barbarian and Roman world, including military, trade and diplomatic relations.
The current research on Barbaricum concerns mainly various aspects of the material and spiritual culture of the Baltic and Germanic peoples, including burial rituals, settlement structures, weapons and methods of fighting, the ancient “fashion” and interregional contacts.
A great part of our research focuses on the archival archeology, which aims to restore the scientific circulation of “forgotten” sources, often scattered during World War II.
The field research focuses on the area of northern Poland and includes sites with various characteristics: cemeteries, settlements and ceremonial sites.
The research on the Roman frontier and Roman army is realised through the excavations in Novae – a Roman legionary fortress and a late Roman town in today’s northern Bulgaria. It is the site with the longest history of Polish research abroad, where Polish archaeologists have been excavating continuously since 1960.
The research in recent years has focused on recognizing the chronology of the least explored part of the site, the so-called late antique annex – the area included in the fortress at the end of the 3rd century.
Thanks to non-invasive and then excavation research, it was possible to conclude that there was a previously unknown civilian-military necropolis in this place, functioning at least until the 1960s.
Since 2021, we’ve started excavations in the center of the legionary camp, at the rear of the legion’s headquarters building. Similarly to other Roman legionary camps, there should be buildings very important for the functioning of the unit.
Over the last decade, employees and doctoral students associated with the Department have also carried out research projects in other positions related to the Roman army – in Herzegovina (Tomasz Dziurdzik at Ljubuški, Roman Dalmatia,) and Romania (Emil Jęczmienowski at Pojejena, Roman Dacia).
An important part of the research on the Roman army is also the non-excavation research project, the aim of which is to recreate the appearance of the building of the headquarters of the camp (principia) in Novae and its decoration, in particular the statues and altars that adorned both the temple of banners and the courtyard of the building. More on that project you can find here.
Czerwony Dwór, site XXI, commune Kowale Oleckie, voivodeship warmińsko-mazurskie. A cremation cemetery of the Sudovian culture. https://czerwonydwor.edu.pl
Lake Lubanowo, commune Banie, voivodeship zachodniopomorskie. Sacrificial site from the Roman Period and early Middle Ages (research in cooperation with the Department for Underwater Archaeology, University of Warsaw). 53°07′46″N 14°36′44″E
Zgliczyn Pobodzy, site 8 and 9, commune Bieżuń, voivodeship mazowieckie. A settlement and a cemetery from the pre-Roman, Roman and Migration Periods.
Novae (today Svishtov, northern Bulgaria). Legionary camp and late Roman town (1st-6th century AD). Research conducted in cooperation with the National Institute of Archeology and the Museum of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences in Sofia.
English translation of the book by Bartosz Kontny, “Archeology of War. Studies on the armament of barbaric Europe in the Roman and Migration Periods”. NPRH grant no. BPM.WPH.62.45.2020.SS.
Dąbek, site 9. A Cemetery of the Przeworsk and Wielbark cultures in northern Mazovia. Co-financed by the Minister of Culture and National Heritage (program Protection of archaeological monuments). Facebook information pageFacebook
Extramural settlement near the Roman legionary fortress at Novae (Lower Moesia) and its fate in Late Antiquity, NCN, OPUS 10, nr UMO-2015/19B/HS3/017/90. Implementation period: 5.06.2016 – 5.06.2021. More on the project and visit our fanpage
In medio castrorum. Sculptural and epigraphic landscape of the central part of the legionary fortress at Novae, NCN, OPUS 11, nr UMO-2016/21/B/HS3/00030. Implementation period: 02.02.2017 – 01.10.2022. More on the project
Direction: Faculty of Archeology, 00-927 Warsaw, ul. Krakowskie Przedmieście 26/28, ‘Main School’, rooms: 0.36, 3.13, j 3.21, 3.21a.
Chair: Tomasz Nowakiewicz, habilitated doctor
Karolina Blusiewicz, PhD, lecturer
Dariusz Błaszczyk, PhD, lecturer
Tomasz Nowakiewicz, habilitated doctor, lecturer
Michał Starski, PhD, lecturer
Marek Truszkowski, MA, technical assistent
Sławomir Wadyl, PhD, assistant
Wojciech Wróblewski, PhD, lecturer
PhD Candidates: Maciej Miścicki, MA
Marek Truszkowski, MA
Retired employees: professor Andrzej Buko
professor of UW Joanna Kalaga
professor Jerzy Kruppé
Martyna Milewska, MA
About the Department:
The Department was created from the fusion of two departments of the former Institute of Archaeology of the University of Warsaw: the Department of Early Medieval Archaeology and the Department of Late Medieval and Modern Era Archaeology. The areas of interest of the staff fall within the broad spectrum of problems relevant to these periods (i.e. early and late Middle Ages and modern times), along with their specificity and scientific workshop. The subject of research are various aspects of the material and spiritual culture of those times, reconstructed on the basis of archaeological sources, obtained, among others as a result of own field works, carried out mainly in the area of northern and north-eastern Poland (within the borders of early medieval Pomerania and the Prussian-Yotvingian lands and the medieval monastic state in Teutonic Prussia). They are complemented by various research projects undertaken in Mazovia, Podlachia and abroad. In-office studies, supported by a rich collection of archival artefacts stored at the Faculty of Archaeology of the University of Warsaw (e.g. from Chojnice, Ciechanów, Frombork, Gdańsk, Lębork, Rawa Mazowiecka, Sąsiadka, Wiślica), go far beyond the indicated geographic scope.
The main research topics of the Department’s employees focus on:
• the formation and disappearance of early medieval tribal structures in Prussia, Yotvingian lands and Pomerania, the material and spiritual culture of those communities inhabiting these lands and their relations with the inhabitants of neighbouring areas;
• comprehensive studies of various categories of finds representative of medieval towns and castle complexes (including ceramics, glass, wooden and leather finds);
• archaeological and architectural research;
• the use of isotope analyses in archaeology to determine the chronology of finds (radiocarbon dating), diet (stable isotopes of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur), origin and migration (stable isotopes of strontium and oxygen), as well as DNA analyses;
• archival archaeology and reconstruction of collections lost and dispersed as a result of World War II, from former museum collections from Polish lands (within the borders of the Second and Third Republic of Poland) and related to Poland.
In carrying out their research, the staff of the department cooperate with representatives of other scientific and museum centres in Poland, as well as with researchers from Belarus, Czechia, Lithuania, Latvia, Germany, Russia and Ukraine.
The sites excavated by the staff of the department:
Błonie, Masovian voivodeship, medieval chartered town (town plots; K. Blusiewicz)
Ciepłe, Pomeranian voivodeship, early medieval cemetery (S. Wadyl)
Czaszkowo (former Lake Nidajno), Warmian and Mazurian voivodeship, sacrificial place from late antiquity (in cooperation with the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology, Polish Academy of Science; T. Nowakiewicz)
Człuchów, Pomeranian voivodeship, Teutonic and gubernator’s castle (M. Starski, K. Blusiewicz)
Debrzno, Pomeranian voivodeship, medieval town and defensive walls (M. Miścicki, M. Truszkowski)
Obłęże, Pomeranian voivodeship, early medieval barrow cemetery and stronghold (in cooperation with the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń; S. Wadyl)
Pasym, Warmian and Mazurian voivodeship, early medieval stronghold (S. Wadyl)
Puck, Pomeranian voivodeship, medieval chartered town (town plots, church graveyard; M. Starski, K. Blusiewicz)
Skarszewy, Pomeranian voivodeship, medieval chartered town (town plots, fortifications; M. Starski, K. Blusiewicz)
Szczeberka (vicinity), Podlachia voivodeship, a complex of early medieval cemeteries on the Szczeberka River (in cooperation with the Terra Desolata Foundation; T. Nowakiewicz)
Shestovitsa, Chernihiv region, Ukraine, early medieval barrow cemetery (in cooperation with the Taras Shevchenko Chernihiv National Pedagogical University; D. Błaszczyk, V. Skorokhod)
Grants carried out by department staff (projects in which staff performed leading functions)
Dariusz Błaszczyk PhD
Locals or foreigners? Burials in chamber graves in Poland in the early Middle Ages (National Science Centre Fuga 2 grant), grant completed.
Maciej Miścicki MA
Barrels as a source for research on the provenance of wooden products from the territory of the state of the Teutonic Order. Production techniques – specialized analyzes – long-distance trade (National Science Centre Preludium 14 grant), grant in progress.
Tomasz Nowakiewicz habilitated doctor
Ostbalticum project (co-coordinator of the framework project of the Ministry of Culture, National Heritage and Sport), project in progress;
Conservation, compile, analysis and publication of finds from water deposits from Nidajno and former Herrn-See lakes (the Ministry of Culture, National Heritage and Sport/the National Institute of Cultural Heritage grant), grant completed;
Non-invasive prospection of the former cult place in Lake Nidajno in Masuria: extent, threats, paleoecological background (the Ministry of Culture, National Heritage and Sport/the National Institute of Cultural Heritage grant), grant completed.
Michał Starski PhD
Puck’s material culture in the late Middle Ages. Archaeological portrait of a small town on the southern Baltic coast (National Science Centre Sonata 5 grant), grant completed;
The town’s plot of Długi Targ – Powroźnicza – Ogarna Streets in Gdańsk. Compile and publication of the results of archaeological research (the Ministry of Culture, National Heritage and Sport/the National Institute of Cultural Heritage grant), grant in progress.
Sławomir Wadyl PhD
Prussian lands in the early Middle Ages. Shaping a new settlement-territorial and social structure in the light of archaeological sources (National Science Centre Fuga 4 grant), grant completed;
The place that created the power. A stronghold from the early Middle Ages in Pasym in the Masurian Lake District (the Ministry of Culture, National Heritage and Sport/the National Institute of Cultural Heritage grant), grant in progress.
About the Department: The Department conducts research and organizes teaching activities in the field of the archeology of the Americas, in particular of the Andean area, Central America, iconography of pre-Columbian cultures, rock art, as well as funeral and anthropological archeology.
The Department organizes the scientific life related to the archaeology of the Americas at the Faculty of Archeology by conducting archaeological field research, publishing research results, and by organizing and participating in international and national scientific conferences. The Departament collaborates with archaeologists and representatives of other disciplines, especially with the scientific centers from Poland and abroad.
Employees also popularize knowledge about the archeology of the Americas.
mgr Kinga Bigoraj
mgr Anna Filipek
mgr Katarzyna Żebrowska
We are honoured to invite you to join us for Sympozjum Egejskie: the 8th Conference in Aegean Archaeology, which is being held online from June 23rd to 25th. We are delighted to announce that Dr Kim Shelton (University of California, Berkeley) will be giving our Keynote Lecture: “Accessing Mycenaean Cult: Inside and Outside the Palatial Context”. For more information and to register to participate, please follow this link:
Prof. Kazimierz Lewartowski is interested first of all in Mycenaean civilization, Bronze Age and Classical burial habits, and memory of the Bronze Age in the Classical Greece.
Dr Małgorzata Siennicka’s research interests focus on the Bronze Age Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean, and more specifically on early balance weights and metrology, small finds, textile production, craftsmanship, settlements and architecture. In her PhD thesis (“OIKIΣMOΣ. Spatial and Social Organisation of Late Helladic III Mycenae and Contemporary Settlements in the Argolid” (2010, Institute of Archaeology, University of Warsaw) she studied the Mycenaean settlements in the Argolid in Greece. 2013-2017 she was a Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow in the Centre for Textile Research at the University of Copenhagen with the project “Greek Textile Tools. Continuity and changes in textile production in Early Bronze Age Greece” (PIEF-GA-2012-329910 Marie Curie Actions Intra-European Fellowship FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IEF). While in Copenhagen, she managed an international research project “First Textiles”. She joined a number of excavation projects in Greece, Russia and Poland. She has gained substantial teaching experience at the University of Warsaw and University of Copenhagen, at both undergraduate and graduate levels. 2017-2020 she is an ERC Associate at the University of Göttingen in the ERC Consolidator Project “WEIGHTANDVALUE. Weight metrology and its economic and social impact on Bronze Age Europe, West and South Asia” (ERC-CoG-2014 – ERC Consolidator Grant, Project ID: 648055) http://www.uni-goettingen.de/de/572018.html with the project “Uncanonical weights and metal ingots from the Aegean and Cyprus in the Bronze Age”.
Dr hab. Agata Ulanowska, an Assistant Professor.
Her research interests focus on the Bronze Age Aegean, specifically on textile production and technology, experimental and experience archaeology, and Aegean seals and sealing practices. She holds a PhD in Aegean archaeology from the University of Warsaw. Since 2013, she has continued a pioneering and innovative project, in which the process of gaining hands-on experience in textile techniques from the Aegean Bronze Age is documented, assessed and monitored. The collected records make it possible to compare the work and experience of modern actors, e.g. students and scholars, in an objective manner, and to draw conclusions about the tacit dimensions of textile work, such as kinaesthetics, efficiency, experienced level of difficulty, or attention required at consecutive operational sequences of textile making. She was awarded with two grants of the National Science Centre in Poland for the research project investigating weaving techniques in the Aegean Bronze Age (2015–2017) and the ongoing project “Textiles and Seals” investigating relations between textile production and seals and sealing practices in the Aegean Bronze Age (2018–2021). She is also the chair of the COST Action CA 19131 “Europe through Textiles”.
Her project, Forging Society at Late Bronze Age Mycenae, focuses on the role of metal at Mycenae, the leading centre of the Late Bronze Age Mycenaean Greek mainland. Metals have a wide range of uses, with their importance within the political economy garnering the majority of scholarly attention. Yet metals are also a fundamental part of everyday life in a Mycenaean community and this project is designed to develop and apply innovative approaches to investigate this relatively understudied aspect of their role. This work is financed by a grant from the Polish National Science Centre. She received her PhD from the University of Cambridge in 2013, has held a fellowship at the Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities at the University of Edinburgh and has contributed to the Well Built Mycenae project.